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Asynchronous JavaScript with async/await

· 3 min read
Parth Maheta

Asynchronous programming is a fundamental aspect of modern JavaScript, allowing developers to execute non-blocking code and efficiently handle operations like fetching data, handling user input, and more. The introduction of async and await in ECMAScript 2017 (ES8) has revolutionized the way developers work with asynchronous operations, offering a cleaner and more readable syntax.

In this article, we'll delve into the concepts of async and await, exploring their usage, benefits, and providing practical examples to illustrate their power in handling asynchronous tasks.

Understanding async and await:

  1. async Function: The async keyword is used to define a function that returns a promise. An async function always returns a promise, and the value resolved by the promise is whatever the function returns.

    async function fetchData() {
    // Async operations
    return 'Data fetched successfully!';
  2. await Keyword: The await keyword can only be used within an async function. It is used to pause the execution of the function until the Promise is settled (resolved or rejected). This ensures that the subsequent code is executed only when the asynchronous operation is complete.

    async function fetchData() {
    const data = await fetchDataFromAPI();

Example: Fetching Data from an API

Let's consider an example where we fetch data from a hypothetical API using the fetch function.

async function fetchData() {
try {
const response = await fetch('');
const data = await response.json();
} catch (error) {
console.error('Error fetching data:', error);


In this example:

  • The fetch function returns a promise, and we use await to wait for the promise to resolve.
  • We use await response.json() to parse the JSON data from the response.
  • The try-catch block ensures proper error handling.

Benefits of async/await:

  1. Readability: async/await syntax is more readable and easier to understand compared to traditional callback or promise chains. The code reads more synchronously, making it more maintainable.

  2. Error Handling: try-catch blocks can be used for straightforward error handling, making it easier to manage errors in asynchronous code.

  3. Sequential Execution: await allows you to write asynchronous code that looks and behaves like synchronous code. This makes it simpler to reason about the flow of your program.


async/await has become an indispensable tool in the JavaScript developer's toolbox for handling asynchronous operations. Its clean and readable syntax, combined with the ability to handle errors effectively, makes it a powerful choice for managing asynchronous tasks. By mastering async functions and await expressions, developers can significantly enhance the clarity and maintainability of their JavaScript code, especially when dealing with complex asynchronous workflows.