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Unleashing the Power of React Query: A Comprehensive Guide

· 4 min read
Parth Maheta

In the world of React development, efficient data fetching and state management are paramount for creating responsive and dynamic applications. React Query is a powerful library that simplifies these tasks by providing a robust set of tools for managing, caching, and synchronizing remote and local data. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the key concepts of React Query and walk through detailed examples to demonstrate its usage.

Understanding React Query

React Query is a declarative and flexible data fetching library for React applications. It goes beyond traditional approaches by introducing a cache-first strategy and seamlessly integrating with React components using hooks. The library excels in handling complex scenarios, such as paginated data, optimistic updates, and automatic refetching.

Key Concepts

1. Queries:

In React Query, a query is a declarative fetch operation. It is defined using the useQuery hook, specifying the data-fetching function and optional configuration options.

2. Mutations:

Mutations represent data modification operations, such as creating, updating, or deleting records. React Query provides the useMutation hook to handle these operations and manage their state.

3. Query Keys:

Query keys uniquely identify queries in the cache. They are an essential part of React Query's caching strategy, allowing the library to efficiently manage and update data.

4. Infinite Queries:

React Query supports infinite queries for scenarios where data is paginated. The useInfiniteQuery hook enables the fetching of paginated data with ease.

5. Query Variables:

Query variables allow the dynamic configuration of queries by passing parameters. React Query handles the caching and invalidation of queries based on their variables.

6. Optimistic Updates:

React Query supports optimistic updates, allowing you to update the UI optimistically before the server responds. This provides a seamless and responsive user experience.

Example: Fetching and Updating Data with React Query

Let's walk through a detailed example of using React Query to fetch data from an API and perform optimistic updates with mutations.

Step 1: Installation

First, install react-query and react-query/devtools in your project:

npm install react-query react-query/devtools

Step 2: Creating Queries

// api.js
export const fetchTodos = async () => {
const response = await fetch('');
const data = await response.json();
return data;
// TodoList.js
import React from 'react';
import { useQuery, useMutation } from 'react-query';
import { fetchTodos } from './api';

const TodoList = () => {
const { data: todos } = useQuery('todos', fetchTodos);

const deleteTodoMutation = useMutation((id) =>
fetch(`${id}`, {
method: 'DELETE',

const handleDeleteTodo = (id) => {
// Optimistically update UI
deleteTodoMutation.mutate(id, {
// Invalidate query and refetch after mutation
onSuccess: () => queryClient.invalidateQueries('todos'),

if (!todos) {
return <div>Loading...</div>;

return (
{ => (
<li key={}>
{todo.title}{' '}
<button onClick={() => handleDeleteTodo(}>Delete</button>

export default TodoList;

Step 3: Setting Up React Query

// App.js
import React from 'react';
import { QueryClient, QueryClientProvider } from 'react-query';
import { ReactQueryDevtools } from 'react-query/devtools';
import TodoList from './TodoList';

const queryClient = new QueryClient();

const App = () => {
return (
<QueryClientProvider client={queryClient}>
<h1>Todo List</h1>
<TodoList />
<ReactQueryDevtools />

export default App;

In this example:

  • The fetchTodos function fetches data from a placeholder API.
  • The useQuery hook is used to fetch and manage the todos data.
  • The useMutation hook is used to perform optimistic updates when deleting a todo.
  • The ReactQueryDevtools component provides a developer-friendly UI for inspecting the cache and queries.


React Query is a game-changer in the realm of data fetching and state management in React applications. Its intuitive API, caching strategies, and seamless integration with React components make it a valuable tool for handling complex scenarios effortlessly. By understanding the key concepts and exploring practical examples, you can harness the full potential of React Query to create responsive, dynamic, and efficient applications. Whether you're working on a small project or a large-scale application, React Query empowers you to manage data with confidence and simplicity.