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Understanding Redux Thunk

· 3 min read
Parth Maheta

Redux Thunk is a middleware for Redux that allows you to write asynchronous logic in your Redux applications. It's a powerful tool that enables you to handle side effects, such as asynchronous API calls or delays, within your Redux actions. In this article, we'll explore Redux Thunk in a beginner-friendly manner, providing clear explanations and practical examples.


Before diving into Redux Thunk, make sure you have a basic understanding of Redux. If you're new to Redux, I recommend checking out the official documentation first.

What is Redux Thunk?

Redux Thunk is a middleware that extends the capabilities of Redux by allowing action creators to return functions instead of plain action objects. These functions, known as thunks, can perform asynchronous operations and dispatch actions when the operations are completed.

Setting Up Redux Thunk

  1. Install the necreactary packages:

    npm install redux react-redux redux-thunk
  2. Configure Redux Thunk in your Redux store:

    // store.js
    import { createStore, applyMiddleware } from 'redux';
    import thunk from 'redux-thunk';
    import rootReducer from './reducers';

    const store = createStore(rootReducer, applyMiddleware(thunk));

    export default store;

Writing a Simple Redux Thunk Example

Let's create a simple application that fetches data from an API using Redux Thunk.

  1. Create a Redux action with a thunk:

    // actions.js
    import axios from 'axios';

    export const fetchData = () => {
    return (dispatch) => {
    dispatch({ type: 'FETCH_DATA_REQUEST' });

    .then(response => {
    .catch(error => {
    payload: error.message
  2. Define a reducer to handle the dispatched actions:

    // reducer.js
    const initialState = {
    data: [],
    loading: false,
    error: null

    const dataReducer = (state = initialState, action) => {
    switch (action.type) {
    return { ...state, loading: true, error: null };

    return { ...state, loading: false, data: action.payload };

    return { ...state, loading: false, error: action.payload };

    return state;

    export default dataReducer;
  3. Connect Redux to your React component:

    // MyComponent.js
    import React, { useEffect } from 'react';
    import { useDispatch, useSelector } from 'react-redux';
    import { fetchData } from './actions';

    const MyComponent = () => {
    const dispatch = useDispatch();
    const { data, loading, error } = useSelector(state =>;

    useEffect(() => {
    }, [dispatch]);

    if (loading) {
    return <p>Loading...</p>;

    if (error) {
    return <p>Error: {error}</p>;

    return (
    { => (
    <li key={}>{}</li>

    export default MyComponent;

By following these steps, you've set up a basic Redux Thunk example that fetches data asynchronously from an API and updates the Redux store accordingly.


Redux Thunk is a valuable tool for handling asynchronous logic in Redux applications. By allowing action creators to return functions, it provides a clean and organized way to manage side effects. This article has covered the basics of Redux Thunk with a simple example, giving you a solid foundation to integrate it into your projects. As you continue to work with Redux Thunk, you'll find it to be an essential tool for managing complex state in your React applications.